Worms

About Our Composting Worms.

Composting worms can eat up to their own weight in food each day. They actually eat the bacteria growing on the dead organic matter. Bacteria usually causes unpleasant odours but in a worm farm the worms keep it in check so there is no smell.

The term “Composting Worm” relates to the fact that these particular worms only burrow down in the top 300mm of soil. Red Wrigglers and African Night Crawlers (ANC) are both well suited for warmer climates, though Night Crawlers can do well if kept inside in cooler areas. You can find more information on both types down below.

Both worms are a top notch fishing worm with the Night Crawler being the worm of choice because of its larger size.

Red Wrigglers.  

Red Wrigglers (Eisenia Fetida) also known as Tiger Worms, Red Worms and other names, are one of the most common composting worm in the world.

They’re prolific breeders, and can lay one egg (capsule) every 7 days. Each egg can contain between 4 to 10 worms. The eggs are like small green grape seeds when laid, and turn a brownish red colour before they hatch.

They take 3 weeks to hatch, and once the worms hatch, they take 3 to 4 months to mature and begin the breeding cycle again. Red Wrigglers can live for 4 to 5 years.

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Red Wrigglers

 

Myth: If you cut a worm in half, you’ll get two worms.
If you cut a worm in half you don’t get two worms, just one dead worm.

 

African Night Crawlers.   

African Night Crawlers (Eudrillus Eugeniae) in my opinion are not as easy to breed as the Reds.

They seem to go months without breeding, even in good manure – then, out of the blue they start breeding. High density stocking of breeders seems to help. To grow out low stocking density, good manure and lots of food seems to be the go.

Cold weather doesn’t help anything so look to spring and autumn for breeding and growing out. African Night Crawlers grow to about 150mm to 200mm, much thicker than the Red Wrigglers, and live for about 2 years.

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African Night Crawlers

 

Grain recipe for fattening your worms for fishing

  • 2 cups of oat bran/wheat bran – either or both
  • 1 cup of Maize Meal (ground corn) / or Chick Starter crumbs
    (see  http://www.uncletomspps.com.au/ )
  • 1 handful of dolomite or 12 egg shells put through a blender till fine

Mix together in water and soak for a couple of hours then feed to your worms.

You can use smaller quantities as this will feed several worm farms.

Worms fatten up on grain and in fresh horse manure.

 

I have also found Copra (ground coconut kernel), which is fed to horses, an excellent source of food. Layers Mash & Chick Starter crumbs (chicken food) are another great addition to their diet. Mix some or all in water and just pour in a strip over your farm, but don’t cover the whole surface of your farm.

The worms will be feeding on it in a very short time!

If you’re looking for worms, woodies, or even just some friendly advice, don’t put it off – please contact me here or give me a call on 0423 380 482.

April 2018
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